Vitamins C, B3, and E are the most important antioxidants because of their ability to penetrate the skin through their small molecular weight. (7)
Clinical studies have proven that the antioxidative protection is higher with the combination of vitamins C and E than with the vitamin C or E alone. (7)
- Reduces dermatoses (1)
- Photoprotection from ultraviolet A and B (1)
- Reduction of hyperpigmentation – improve tone and redness (1)
- Anti aging – Reduces wrinkles (2)
- Improves synthesis of collagen – making skin look more plump and thicker (3)
- Reduces hyperpigmentation (4)
- Improved appearance of skin wrinkles (4)
- Improved skin elasticity (4)
- Improves acne (5)
- Works better when combined with other vitamins such as C, E (6)
(1) Topical vitamin C: a useful agent for treating photoaging and other dermatologic conditions.
(2) Double-blind, half-face study comparing topical vitamin C and vehicle for rejuvenation of photodamage.
(3) Topically applied vitamin C increases the density of dermal papillae in aged human skin.
(4) Niacinamide: A B vitamin that improves aging facial skin appearance.
(5) Nicotinic acid/niacinamide and the skin.
(6) Topical vitamins.
(7) Skin anti-aging strategies
- Reduces photoaging (more effective with Vitamin E) (1)
- Decreases wrinkle depth (2)
(1) Preparation and characterization of liposomal coenzyme Q10 for in vivo topical application
(2) Coenzyme Q10, a cutaneous antioxidant and energizer.